This affiliate agreement ("Agreement") contains the complete terms and conditions between Hostimul s.r.o ("Hostimul, we, us, our") and the affiliate (“Affiliate, you, your”) regarding your application to and participation in, the hostimul affiliate program (the "Affiliate Program") as an affiliate of Hostimul (an "Affiliate), and the establishment of links from your website to our website.
By submitting an application to join or by participating in the affiliate program, you are confirming that you have read this agreement and the Hostimul Terms of Services and that you agree to be bound by these terms and conditions.
"Affiliate" - the business, individual, or entity applying to or participating in the affiliate program, or that displays Hostimul’s products and services and/or promotions on its website, or other means, using an affiliate tracking code in exchange for receiving a commission from Hostimul for sales directly resulting from such display.
"Affiliate Site" - the affiliate's website which displays Hostimul’s products and services and/or promotions.
"Hostimul’s Products and Services" – any products and services that are available for purchase from Hostimul.
"Commission Fees" - the amount you will be paid for each qualified purchase by a referred customer that you refer to Hostimul subject to the commission threshold and
pursuant to the terms of this agreement.
“Commission Threshold” - the amount of commission fees an affiliate must accrue prior to receiving a payment from Hostimul.
"Qualified Purchase" - a sale of Hostimul products and services by Hostimul to a referred customer that is not excluded under section 8.
"Referred Customer" - each new and unique customer referred from Affiliate through a link (as defined in Section 2) that provides a valid account and billing information.
"Registration Form" - any and all order forms or other signup or acceptance form submitted by a customer to purchase Hostimul’s products and services.
2.1. To begin the enrollment process, you must submit a completed affiliate program signup form.
2.2. We will evaluate your application in good faith and will notify you of your acceptance or rejection in a timely manner. We may reject your application if we determine, in our sole discretion, that your website is not suitable for the affiliate program for any reason, including, but not limited to, its inclusion of content that is, in our opinion, unlawful or otherwise violates our acceptable use policy.
2.3. If we reject your application, for any reason, you may not re-apply to the affiliate program utilizing the same domain name/url or reapply using a different domain/url name and then add the previously rejected domain name/url to your affiliate account. Hostimul, in its sole discretion, reserves the right to notify any prospective affiliate of their rejection or removal from the affiliate program at any time.
3. Use of Links
If you qualify and agree to participate as an affiliate, we will make a variety of graphic and textual links available to you (each referred to herein as a "link" or collectively, as the "links"). The links will serve to identify your website as a member of the affiliate program and will establish a link from your website or e-mail to Hostimul’s website. You agree to cooperate fully with us in order to establish and maintain such links. You further agree that your use of the links must be in compliance with this agreement at all times. Hostimul may modify the links from time to time in its sole discretion. You will not use graphic or textual images (indicating a Link) or text messages to promote Hostimul that are not approved in advance by Hostimul. All affiliate sites shall display the Links prominently in relevant sections of their website. Furthermore, you agree not to use cookie stuffing techniques that set the affiliate tracking cookie without the Referred Customer's knowledge (e.g. Iframe). Any information with respect to Hostimul that is going to be displayed on the affiliate site must be pre-approved by Hostimul in writing.
4.1. Except as permitted herein, you shall not and are not authorized to (i) use the Hostimul trademark, name or any of our other intellectual property, including without limitation, the links, and the licensed materials (collectively, the “Hostimul IP”) (or any variations or misspellings thereof or other term or terms confusingly similar to any of the foregoing) without Hostimul’s express prior written permission; (ii) use Hostimul IP in a domain or website name, in any bids for keywords or google AdWords (or similar programs at other search engines), in any search engine advertising (paid or otherwise), in any Metatags, Google AdWords (or similar programs at other search engines), keywords, advertising, search terms, code, or otherwise; (iii) act in any way that causes or creates or could cause or create any "initial interest confusion" over the use of Hostimul IP on the internet or in any search engine advertising. Your use of Hostimul IP in any manner, other than as expressly permitted hereunder shall constitute unlawful infringement of Hostimul’s intellectual property rights, and may subject you to claims for damages (including potential treble damages for knowing or willful infringement), and the obligation to pay Hostimul’s legal fees and costs in connection with any action or proceeding in which Hostimul seeks to enforce its rights under this agreement or with regard to any of Hostimul’s intellectual property rights.
5.Discounts and Coupons
5.1. You are not allowed to post any refunds, credits or discounts on the Hostimul products and services, or other content concerning Hostimul without Hostimul’s prior written consent in each instance.
5.2. Affiliates may only use coupons and discounts that are provided exclusively through the affiliate program using banners and links. Each Link connecting users of the affiliate site to the pertinent area of the Hostimul website will in no way alter the look, feel, or functionality of the Hostimul website. Any violations of the terms surrounding links, coupons, refunds, credits or discounts shall constitute a material breach of this agreement, and may result in your termination from the affiliate program or the withholding of commission fees.
6. Data Security
6.1. Affiliate shall comply with all applicable data protection laws regarding the transmission of data exported to or from the united states or the country in which affiliate resides, including without limitation, the General Data Protection Regulation 2016/679 of European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 (the "GDPR").
6.2. Affiliate, as a controller under the GDPR, shall also implement appropriate technical measures to ensure a level of security appropriate to the risk, taking into account the nature, scope, context, and purpose of processing any personal data.
6.3. Affiliate agrees to promptly assist Hostimul in complying with any data subject rights request under the GDPR that Hostimul may receive from any individuals referred to Hostimul by affiliate.
6.4. Affiliate further agrees to promptly assist Hostimul in complying with any duties to cooperate with supervisory authorities under the GDPR.
7. Order Processing
7.1. Hostimul will process orders placed by referred customers who follow the links from an affiliate site to Hostimul.
7.2. We reserve the right, in our sole discretion, to reject orders that do not comply with certain requirements that we may
establish from time to time.
7.3. All aspects of order processing and fulfillment, including Hostimul’s services, cancellation, processing, refunds and payment processing will be our responsibility.
7.4. We will track the qualified purchases generated by your affiliate site and will make this information available to you through our website. To permit accurate tracking, reporting, and commission accrual, you must ensure that the links between your website and our website are properly formatted.
8. Commission Determination, Qualified Purchases
8.1. Commissions will be calculated based on the commission rates stated on the Hostimul website for each qualified purchase (as defined herein) subject to commission accruing pursuant to section n below. A "Qualified Purchase" does not include the following:
8.1.1. A purchase by a referred customer that has transferred from any Hostimul partners or subsidiaries.
8.1.2. A purchase by a referred customer who is also associated with any Hostimul reseller, referral, or other programs.
8.1.3. A purchase by a referred customer that is not up to date on its payments or is subject to a refund, referral, or other programs.
8.1.4. A purchase that was completed prior to the affiliate joining the affiliate program or was not tracked properly through an affiliate link.
8.1.5. A purchase by a referred customer that has not been in good standing for a period of at least thirty (30) days or is in violation of Hostimul's Terms of Service, Acceptable Use Policy or other applicable policies at the time the commission fees accrue.
8.1.6. A purchase that Hostimul suspects, in its sole discretion, is the result of fraud, which shall include but is not limited to, the use of software that generates real and fictitious information, multiple accounts from the same customer, or the referral of accounts that do not comply with this agreement.
8.1.7. A purchase referred by an affiliate that has an excessive cancellation rate as determined in Hostimul's sole discretion.
8.1.8. A purchase by a referred customer if the referred customer was offered or received coupons, refunds, credits or discounts from the affiliate.
8.1.9. A purchase by a referred customer if the affiliate or referred customer is in or is promoting a business-opportunity program (as determined by us in our sole discretion), using marketing practices that we deem to be unethical or likely to attract fraudulent signups and/or signups with a very low likelihood of renewal.
8.1.10. A purchase by a referred customer who received a popup with a discounted offer, while leaving Hostimul's website during their purchase.
8.1.11. A purchase by a referred customer engaging in "domain speculation," which is determined by the identification of two (2) web hosting accounts with the same referred customer's name, email address, or other identifying characteristics as determined by Hostimul and/or the identification of two (2) or more web hosting accounts that have content on their websites or have similar content, templates or formatting, as determined by Hostimul, in our sole discretion.
8.2. Hostimul reserves the right to withhold payment of initial commissions fees to affiliates who are new to the affiliate program, or who have commissions that are potentially fraudulent as determined by Hostimul in its sole discretion, to determine the legitimacy and cancellation rates of referred customers.
8.3. Hostimul reserves the right to suspend the payment of commission fees at any time and indefinitely, if it suspects fraud or other improper activity or a potential breach of any of the terms of this agreement by the affiliate or a referred customer. Hostimul reserves the right to deduct from affiliate's current and future commission fees any and all commission fees corresponding to any fraudulent, questionable, and canceled purchases.
8.4. Hostimul reserves the right to immediately cancel or withhold for later review any commission fee that fails to meet the criteria of a "Qualified Purchase." Affiliate is responsible for monitoring the payment, denial and, withholding of commission fees. Hostimul is not obligated to actively notify Affiliates of the status of commission fees. If Affiliate has a question about a commission fee that has been canceled or withheld, Affiliate has thirty (30) days from the day of the payment would have been due to contact Hostimul to request that the commission fee be paid. Any changes to decisions about canceled or withheld commission fees are strictly made in Hostimul's sole discretion.
8.5. Commissions for any referred customer who is associated with any Hostimul reseller, referral or other programs may not be considered a qualified purchase. In other words, you may not receive double commissions or compensation.
8.6. In the event that the referred customers that are referred to Hostimul by an affiliate are determined to have an excessive cancellation rate, as determined by Hostimul in its sole discretion. Hostimul reserves the right to withhold or decline pending and future commission fees to such affiliate.
8.7. Any attempt by an Affiliate to manipulate, falsify or inflate the referred customers, qualified purchasers, or commission fees to intentionally defraud Hostimul or any violation of the terms of this Agreement constitutes immediate grounds for Hostimul to terminate the affiliates participation in the affiliate program and will result in the forfeiture of any commission fees due to the affiliate.
9. Accrual of commissions
9.1. Commissions will accrue and only become payable once you (i) provide all relevant tax and address documentation pursuant to section o below and (ii) reach the commission threshold of $100 based on the commission rates stated on the Hostimul website, solely as applied to qualified purchases which occurred within ninety (90) days of the end of the calendar month in which the first of such qualified purchases occurred.
9.2. Once a commission has accrued under section 8, the amount of such commission (the "commission fee") shall be due and payable to you under the terms of section 9.
9.3. Hostimul reserves the right to change the commission threshold by amending this Agreement and will notify you for any such amendment pursuant to the terms of this agreement.
10. Commission payments
10.1. Subject to the terms of this agreement and the accrual of commissions as set forth in section 8 above, commissions will be calculated according to the specified percentage forth in the commission report in your affiliate area for each qualified purchase that accrues during the period for which such commission fee is being calculated.
10.2. Commission Fees will be processed approximately forty-five (45) to sixty (60) days after the end of the month or another period in which they accrue. Hostimul will only compensate you for qualified purchases made in accordance with this agreement.
10.3. Commission Fees shall be paid based on the current information in your affiliate profile. You are required to notify us promptly of any change in your address by updating your profile information and tax form in the affiliate console. You are responsible for informing Hostimul of your desired payment form/type. Please email [email protected] if you would like to update or change your desired payment method. Any changes to your desired payment method may take up to two payout cycles to take effect.
10.4. You may choose to receive commission fees through PayPal payouts, standard PayPal, wire transfer, subject to the following conditions:
a. If you select the PayPal payouts mass pay option, Hostimul will pay any transaction fees charged by PayPal, so the full amount of the commission fees will be available in your PayPal account.
b. Hostimul offers a wire transfer option to those who earn over $1,000.00 in affiliate commission fees over a ninety (90) day period.
10.5. Hostimul is not responsible for paying any third-party fees charged by payment method in order for you to receive affiliate commission fees.
10.6. Hostimul will deduct a fee of $25.00 from the commission fees to reissue a payment. Paypal payments will only be reissued in the case of (i) an incorrect PayPal address or (ii) PayPal's refusal to accept a payment. The affiliate must make any request to reissue a PayPal payment within one hundred and twenty (120) days of the original issue date.
10.7. Hostimul, in its sole discretion, reserves the right to modify the available commission payment methods or payment schedule at any time. Such changes shall take effect when posted.
10.8. Affiliate has access to Hostimul's real-time affiliate program statistics and agrees to file any disputes within forty-five (45) days after the end of the month in which the sale or event that is disputed occurred.
10.9. Disputes filed after forty-five (45) days of the date on which the disputed sale or event occurred will not be accepted by hostimul and affiliate forfeits forever any rights to a potential claim.
10.10. Each affiliate is required to submit a TAX ID (for affiliates located outside of the European Union) or a VAT ID (for affiliates located in the European Union) before any commission fees shall accrue.
10.11. For affiliates located in the European Union, if the information you provide does not match with the official records, Hostimul will not issue payment.
10.12. You are responsible for the payment of all taxes related to the commission fees you receive under this agreement.
10.13. It is solely your responsibility to provide Hostimul with accurate tax and payment information that is necessary to issue a commission fee to you. If Hostimul does not receive the necessary tax or payment information within ninety (90) days of a qualified purchase which would otherwise trigger commission fees, the applicable commissions shall not accrue and no commission fees will be owed with respect to such qualified purchase.
10.14. Any address change must be made in the affiliate profile and tax form in the affiliate console at least fifteen (15) business days prior to the end of the calendar month in order for commission fees for that month to be processed.
11. Reports of qualified purchases
You may log into your affiliate console to review your click through and potential Qualified Purchases statistics on a daily basis. The potential qualified purchases shown in this report have not been reviewed to confirm they meet all criteria for qualified purchases. As such, commission fees may not be issued for all referred customers that appear in the affiliate console.
12. Obligations regarding your affiliate site
12.1. You are solely responsible for the development, operation, and maintenance of your affiliate site and for all materials that appear on your affiliate site. Such responsibilities include, but are not limited to, the technical operation of your affiliate site and all related equipment; creating and posting product reviews,
descriptions, and references on your affiliate site and linking those descriptions to our website, the accuracy of materials posted on your affiliate site (including, but not limited to, all materials related to Hostimul products and services); ensuring that materials posted on your affiliate site do not violate or infringe upon the rights of any third party and are not libelous or otherwise illegal. We disclaim all liability and responsibility for such matters.
12.2. We have the right in our sole discretion to monitor signups through your affiliate site from time to time to determine if you are in compliance with the terms of this agreement. If you are not in compliance we may terminate your participation in the affiliate program effective immediately.
13. Hostimul Responsibilities
13.1. We will provide all of the information necessary for you to make links from your affiliate site to our site.
13.2. Hostimul will be solely responsible for order processing (including processing, cancellations, and refunds) for orders for Hostimul products and services placed by a referred customer following a link from your affiliate site, for tracking the volume and amount of qualified purchase statistics.
13.3. Hostimul will be solely responsible for all order processing, including but not limited to payment processing, cancellations, refunds, and related Hostimul services.
14. Policies and Pricing
14.1. Referred Customers who buy Hostimul products and services through our affiliate network are deemed to be Hostimul customers. Hostimul's terms and conditions, rules, policies, and operating procedures will apply to such customers. We may change our policies, pricing, and operating procedures at any time.
14.3. Prices and availability of Hostimul products and services may vary from time to time, from affiliate to affiliate, and from region to region. Because price changes may affect Products that you have listed on your affiliate site, you may or may not be able to include price information in your product descriptions. We will use commercially reasonable efforts to present accurate information on our website, but we cannot guarantee the availability or price
of any particular Hostimul product or service.
15. Emails and Publicity
15.1. You shall not create, publish, transmit or distribute, under any circumstances, any bulk email messages (also known as "spam") without prior written consent from Hostimul, to be granted or denied in Hostimul's sole
discretion, in each instance. You may only send emails containing a Hostimul affiliate link and or a message regarding Hostimul or Hostimul's affiliate program to people who have previously consented to receive such communications from you.
15.2. Your failure to abide by this section 13, the GDPR, our anti-spam policy, and all applicable laws relating to email communications, in any manner, will be deemed a material breach of this agreement by you and will result in the forfeiture by you of any and all rights you may have to any commissions and the termination of your participation in the affiliate program. Further, if your account has excessive clicks in a very short period of time as determined by Hostimul in its sole discretion, the affiliate relationship may be terminated.
16. Licenses and Use of Hostimul Logos and Trademarks
16.1. Subject to the limitations set forth in section t above and otherwise in this agreement, we grant you a non-exclusive, non-transferrable, revocable license to (i) access our website through the links solely in accordance with the terms of this agreement and (ii) solely in connection with such links, to use
Hostimul trademark and logo and similar identifying material provided by us (collectively, the "licensed materials"), for the sole purpose of selling Hostimul products and services on your affiliate site and as approved in advance by us.
16.2. You may not alter, modify, or change the licensed materials in any way. You are only entitled to use the licensed materials while you are an affiliate in good standing and in compliance with all of the terms of this agreement.
16.3. You shall not use the licensed materials for any purposes other than selling Hostimul products and services, without first submitting a sample to us and obtaining the express prior written consent of Hostimul in each instance.
16.4. You shall not use the licensed materials in any manner that is disparaging
or that otherwise portrays Hostimul, any hosted member of Hostimul or any Hostimul employee or representative in a negative light.
16.5. We reserve all of our rights in the licensed materials and your license to use such material is limited to the manner described herein. We may revoke your license at any time, by giving you written notice. If not previously revoked, this license shall immediately terminate upon the termination of your participation in the affiliate program.
16.6. You grant to us a non-exclusive license to utilize your name, title, trademarks, and logos (the "affiliate" trademarks") in any advertisement or other materials used to promote Hostimul and the affiliate program, provided that Hostimul's use of the affiliate trademarks is not required and is at its sole discretion. This license shall terminate upon the termination of your participation in the affiliate program.
17. Term and Termination
17.1. The term of this agreement will begin upon our acceptance of your affiliate program application and will end when terminated by either party (the "term"). Either party may terminate this agreement at any time, with or without cause.
17.2. Any affiliate who violates this agreement, Hostimul's Terms of Services, or any applicable law will immediately forfeit any right to any and all accrued, but not yet received, commission fees and will be immediately removed from the affiliate program.
17.3. Hostimul reserves the right to remove an affiliate from the affiliate program, and to terminate or suspend Agreement, at any time for any reason, in Hostimul’s sole discretion.
17.4. You are only eligible to earn commission fees on qualified purchases occurring during the term.
17.5. Commission fees earned prior to the date of termination will be eligible for commissions only if the orders for the related Hostimul products and services are not canceled within forty-five (45) days and comply with all of the terms of Agreement.
17.6. We may withhold your final payment of commission feeds for a reasonable time to ensure that all qualified purchases are valid and payment from Referred Customers are legitimate as determined by Hostimul in its sole discretion.
18.1. Hostimul may modify this agreement at any time in our sole discretion; provided that the change shall solely apply to events occurring after the date on which you accept and agree to such modifications unless you otherwise agree herein. Such modifications shall take effect when posted on our website.
18.2. Modifications may include but are not limited to, changes in the scope of available Commission Fees, commission amounts or percentages, payment procedures, commission fee payment schedules, and affiliate program rules. If any modification is unacceptable to you, your only recourse is to terminate this agreement, in which event you shall be entitled to your rights under the unmodified Agreement prior to the date of the applicable modification. Your continued participation in the affiliate program following our posting of any modifications on our website will constitute binding acceptance of the change.
We make no express or implied warranties or representations with the request to the affiliate program or any Hostimul products and services sold through the affiliate program (including, without limitation, warranties of fitness, merchantability, non-infringement, or any implied warranties arising out of course of performance, dealing, or trade usage). In addition, we make no representation that the operation of our website will be uninterrupted or error-free, and we will not be liable for the consequences of any interruptions or errors, including the tracking of information concerning referred customers during any period of interruption.
20. Relationship of Parties
20.1. You and Hostimul are independent contractors, and nothing in this agreement will create any partnership, joint venture, agency, franchise, sales representative, or employment relationship between the parties.
20.2. You will have no authority to make or accept any offers or representations on our behalf. You will not make any statement, whether on your affiliate site or otherwise, that contradicts anything in this section.
21. Representation and Warranties
You hereby represent and warrant to us as follows:
a. You have reviewed and understood this agreement and agree to be bound by its terms.
b. Your acceptance of this agreement and participation in the affiliate program will not violate (i) any provision of law, rule, or regulation to which you are subject, (ii) any order, judgment, or decree applicable to you or binding upon your assets or properties, (iii) any provision of your by-laws or certificate of incorporation, or (iv) any agreement or other instrument applicable to you or binding upon your assets or properties.
c. You are the sole and exclusive owner of the affiliate trademarks and have the power to grant to hostimul the license to use such marks in the manner contemplated herein, and such grant will not (i) breach, conflict with, or constitute a default under any agreement or other instruments applicable to you or binding upon your assets or properties, or (ii) infringe upon any trademark, trade name, service mark, copyright, or other proprietary rights of any third person or entity.
d. You are not required to obtain consent, approval, or authorization of, or exemption by, or filing with, any governmental authority or any third party in connection with your entrance into this agreement.
e. There is no pending or threatened claim, action, or proceeding against you, or any affiliate of yours with respect to the affiliate trademarks, and, to the best of your knowledge, there is no basis for any such claim, action, or proceeding.
f. During the term, you will not include in your affiliate site content that is, in our opinion, unlawful, harmful, threatening, defamatory, obscene, harassing, racially, ethnically, or otherwise objectionable or are in violation of our terms and conditions or acceptable use policy.
g. You are at least eighteen (18) years of age.
h. Each referred customer is valid, genuine, and unique and meets the criteria of a qualified purchase for generating a commission fee as provided in this agreement.
22. Limitation of liability
We will not be liable for any indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages, or any loss of revenue, profits, or data, arising in connection with this agreement or the affiliate program, even if we have been advised of the possibility of such damages. Further, our aggregate liability arising with respect to this agreement and the affiliate program will not exceed the total commissions paid or payable to you under this agreement during the three (3) month period immediately preceding the event giving rise to such liability.
You hereby agree to indemnify and hold harmless Hostimul and its subsidiaries and affiliates, and their directors, officers, employees, agents, shareholders, partners, members, and other owners, against any and all claims, actions, demands, liabilities, losses, damages, judgments, settlements, costs, and expenses (including reasonable attorneys' fees) (any or all of the foregoing hereinafter referred to as "losses") insofar as such losses (or actions in respect thereof) arise out of or are based on (i) any claim that our use of the affiliate trademarks infringes on any trademark, trade name, service mark, copyright, license, intellectual property, or other proprietary right of any third party, (ii) any misrepresentation of a representation or warranty or breach of a covenant and agreement made by you herein, or (iii) any claim related to your affiliate site, including, without limitations, its development, operation, maintenance and content therein not attributable to us.
24.1. Each of the parties hereto agrees that all information including, without limitation, the terms of this agreement, business and financial information, Hostimul customer and vendor lists, or pricing and sales information (including without limitation commission rates), shall remain strictly confidential and shall not be utilized for any purpose outside the terms of this agreement except and solely to the extent that any such information is (a) already lawfully known to or independently developed by the receiving party, (b) disclosed in published materials, (c) generally known to the public, or (d) lawfully obtained from any third party not under any obligation of confidentiality to the disclosure hereunder.
24.2. Notwithstanding the foregoing, each party is hereby authorized to deliver a copy of any such information (a) pursuant to a valid subpoena or order issued by a court or administrative agency of competent jurisdiction, (b) to its accountants, attorneys, or other agents on a confidential basis, and (c) otherwise as required by applicable law, rule, regulation, or legal process including, without limitation, GDPR, as amended, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder. In the event of such disclosure, the receiving party shall give the disclosing party prior notice before releasing any information unless giving such notice is prohibited.
25. Independent Investigation
25.1. You understand that we may at any time (directly or indirectly) solicit Hostimul relationships on terms that may differ from those contained in this agreement. We may also solicit relationships with entities that operate websites that are similar to or compete with your affiliate site.
25.2. You have independently evaluated the desirability of participating in the Hostimul affiliate program and are not relying on any representation, guarantee, or statement other than as set forth in this agreement.
26.1. The laws of the Azerbaijan Republic will govern this agreement, without reference to rules governing the choice of laws. Any action relating to this agreement must be brought in courts located in the Azerbaijan Republic and your irrevocably consent to the jurisdiction of such courts.
26.2. You may not assign this Agreement, by operation of law or otherwise, without our prior written consent. Subject to that restriction, this agreement will be binding on, inure to the benefit of, and be enforceable against the parties and their respective successors and assigns.
26.3. Our failure to enforce your strict performance of any provision of this agreement will not constitute a waiver of our right to subsequently enforce such a provision or any other provision of this agreement.
This file was last modified: Dec 16, 2019.